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Shanklin Pier v Detel Products – 1951

Shanklin Pier Ltd v Detel Products Ltd [1951] 2 KB 854

Contracts – Sale of goods – Express warranty Breach of Warranty


The Plaintiffs were owners of a pier in Shanklin on the Isle of Wight. They entered into a contract with contractors to have the pier repaired and painted. Under the contract the plaintiff had the express right to alter the contract. The Defendant company director approached the Plaintiffs with a new painting product for the pier. After much persuasion, the Plaintiffs amended their contract with the Contractors to allow for the paint in the renovation. After several months, the paint flaked off and did not last. The Plaintiffs brought a claim for damages.


Whether the Plaintiff was entitled to bring a claim against the Defendant company, who was not party to the contract to undertake renovations.

Decision / Outcome:

The Defendant was found to be liable given he had provided an express warranty over the paint to the Plaintiffs, who in consideration of the warranty caused the contractor to buy the paint from the Defendant also and suffer the same damage, by reason of a breach of warranty. It was held that if the contract for the direct sale and purchase had been made between the Plaintiff and the Defendant (with no involvement of a contractor), then the same warranty for the paint would be intended to exist and be implied. The Judge saw no reason as to why the same warranty should not be enforceable and extend between the Plaintiff and the Defendant. The Plaintiff was entitled to recover damages.

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Answering problem questions in the University of London LLB programme requires a clear understanding of legal principles, good analytical skills and the ability to apply the law to a given set of facts. Here are some tips to help you answer problem questions effectively:

  1. Read the question carefully: Make sure you understand what the question is asking before you begin writing.
  2. Identify the legal issues: Identify the legal issues raised by the facts and the relevant laws that apply to those issues.
  3. Analyze the facts: Analyze the facts presented in the question, focusing on the details that are relevant to the legal issues.
  4. Apply the law: Apply the relevant laws to the facts, making sure to consider all relevant legal principles and cases.
  5. Structure your answer: Use a clear and well-structured approach, starting with an introduction that outlines the main legal issues, followed by a discussion of the relevant laws and a conclusion that summarizes your analysis and sets out your conclusion.
  6. Use relevant cases and statutes: Cite relevant cases and statutes to support your analysis and help illustrate the legal principles you are discussing.
  7. Be concise: Be concise and to the point, focusing on the key issues and avoiding unnecessary detail.
  8. Proofread: Proofread your answer carefully to make sure it is error-free and clear.
  9. Time management: Make sure you manage your time effectively, leaving enough time to review your answer and make any necessary corrections.

By following these tips, you should be able to answer problem questions in the University of London LLB programme effectively and with confidence. Good luck!

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